Queen Maxima: ‘There are no fairy tales, only hard work’ | United Nations

From: Discuss to Al Jazeera

The Dutch queen discusses her work as a UN particular advocate for inclusive finance for growth.

A banker and financier by coaching, Queen Maxima of The Netherlands has travelled the world because the United Nations secretary-general’s particular advocate for inclusive finance for growth.

However as soon as the media are gone and the pink carpets are rolled up, how does the queen guarantee her advocacy reaches those that want it probably the most?

Her Majesty, Queen Maxima of the Netherlands, talks to Al Jazeera.

Pfizer to offer low-cost drugs to 45 lower-income nations | Coronavirus pandemic News

US pharmaceutical large Pfizer has stated it could promote its patented medication on a not-for-profit foundation to the world’s poorest nations, as a part of a brand new initiative introduced on the World Financial Discussion board in Davos.

“The time is now to start closing this hole” between folks with entry to the most recent therapies and people going with out, chief govt Albert Bourla informed attendees on the Swiss mountain resort gathering on Wednesday.

“What we found by the pandemic was that offer was not sufficient to resolve the problems that these nations are having,” Bourla stated.

He famous that billions of doses of the corporate’s COVID-19 vaccine, Comirnaty, have been provided at no cost to low-income nations, primarily by the US authorities, however these doses can’t be used proper now.

“An Accord for a More healthy World” focuses on 5 areas: infectious ailments, most cancers, irritation, uncommon ailments and girls’s well being – the place Pfizer presently holds 23 patents, together with the likes of Comirnaty and Paxlovid, its COVID vaccine and oral therapy.

“This transformational dedication will improve entry to Pfizer-patented medicines and vaccines obtainable in the USA and the European Union to just about 1.2 billion folks,” Angela Hwang, group president of the Pfizer Biopharmaceuticals Group, informed the AFP information company.

5 nations: Rwanda, Ghana, Malawi, Senegal and Uganda have dedicated to becoming a member of, with an extra 40 nations – 27 low-income and 18 lower-middle-income – eligible to signal bilateral agreements to take part.

“Pfizer’s dedication units a brand new customary, which we hope to see emulated by others,” Rwanda’s President Paul Kagame stated.

However he added that “further investments and strengthening of Africa’s well being methods and pharmaceutical regulators” would even be wanted.

Seven years behind

Growing nations expertise 70 % of the world’s illness burden however obtain solely 15 % of world well being spending, resulting in devastating outcomes.

Throughout sub-Saharan Africa, one youngster in 13 dies earlier than their fifth birthday, in contrast with one in 199 in high-income nations.

Most cancers-related mortality charges are additionally far larger in low- and middle-income nations – inflicting extra fatalities in Africa yearly than malaria.

All that is set towards a backdrop of restricted entry to the most recent medication.

Important medicines and vaccines sometimes take 4 to seven years longer to succeed in the poorest nations, and provide chain points and poorly resourced well being methods make it troublesome for sufferers to obtain them as soon as authorised.

“The COVID-19 pandemic additional highlighted the complexities of entry to high quality healthcare and the ensuing inequities,” stated Hwang.

“We all know there are a variety of hurdles that nations have to beat to achieve entry to our medicines. That’s the reason now we have initially chosen 5 pilot nations to determine and provide you with operational options after which share these learnings with the remaining nations.”

‘Superb mannequin’

Particularly, the main focus will likely be on overcoming regulatory and procurement challenges within the nations, whereas guaranteeing sufficient ranges of provide from Pfizer’s facet.

The “not-for-profit” price ticket takes into consideration the fee to fabricate and transport of every product to an agreed-upon port of entry, with Pfizer charging solely manufacturing and minimal distribution prices.

If a rustic already has entry to a product at a cheaper price tier, for instance, vaccines provided by GAVI, a public-private world partnership, that cheaper price will likely be maintained.

Hwang acknowledged that even an at-cost strategy may very well be difficult for probably the most cash-strapped nations, and “this is the reason now we have reached out to monetary establishments to temporary them on the Accord and ask them to assist assist country-level financing”.

Pfizer may even attain out to different stakeholders – together with governments, multilateral organisations, NGOs and even different prescription drugs – to ask them to affix the Accord.

It is usually utilizing funding from the Invoice & Melinda Gates Basis to advance work on a vaccine towards Group B Streptococcus (GBS), the main explanation for stillbirth and new child mortality in low-income nations.

“Any such accord is an excellent mannequin, it’s going to assist get medicines out,” Gates informed the Davos convention, including that “partnerships with corporations like Pfizer have been key to the progress now we have made” on efforts like vaccines.

Earlier this month, the top of the World Well being Group known as on Pfizer to make its COVID-19 therapy extra broadly obtainable in poorer nations.

Comirnaty introduced in practically $37bn in gross sales final yr, and analysts count on the corporate’s COVID-19 therapy Paxlovid so as to add virtually $24bn this yr, in line with the info agency FactSet.

UN Security Council condemns killing of Shireen Abu Akleh | United Nations News

Council additionally requires quick and neutral investigation into the demise of the Al Jazeera journalist who was shot earlier this week.

The United Nations Safety Council has unanimously condemned the killing of Palestinian American Al Jazeera journalist Shireen Abu Akleh within the occupied West Financial institution, in keeping with diplomats.

The assertion, a uncommon case of Safety Council unity on a problem associated to Israel, additionally referred to as for “a right away, thorough, clear, and neutral investigation” into her demise.

The UN’s Human Rights Workplace has additionally referred to as for a radical and impartial investigation into the killing, saying it’d represent a battle crime.

In keeping with diplomats who spoke to AFP information company on situation of anonymity, the negotiations within the Safety Council on Friday had been significantly arduous.

China efficiently pushed the US to take away paragraphs condemning abuses dedicated in opposition to the media all over the world, defending their freedom and urging their safety whereas protecting army operations, in keeping with diplomatic sources and totally different variations of the declaration obtained by AFP through the discussions.

The ultimate textual content stated that “journalists ought to be protected as civilians”.

Abu Akleh, an internationally revered veteran journalist for Al Jazeera, was shot by Israeli armed forces as she coated a raid on the Jenin refugee camp within the occupied West Financial institution. She was sporting a helmet and a vest that clearly recognized her as a journalist.

The Safety Council assertion made no point out of the violence throughout Friday’s funeral for Abu Akleh.

Tv footage confirmed pallbearers struggling to stop Abu Akleh’s coffin from falling to the bottom as baton-wielding Israeli cops charged at them, grabbing Palestinian flags from mourners.

The assaults had been condemned by Al Jazeera as “a scene that violates all norms and worldwide legal guidelines”.

The Israeli army stated its preliminary investigation into Abu Akleh’s demise confirmed {that a} heavy firefight was underneath means in Jenin roughly 200 metres (about 220 yards) from the place she was killed, however that it was unable to find out whether or not she was shot by Israeli forces or Palestinian fighters.

In an announcement issued on Friday, the army stated Palestinian gunmen recklessly fired lots of of rounds at an Israeli army automobile, some within the path of the place Abu Akleh was standing. It stated Israeli forces returned fireplace, and that with out doing ballistic evaluation, it was not in a position to decide who was chargeable for her demise.

Reporters who had been with Abu Akleh, together with one who was shot and wounded, stated there have been no clashes or fighters within the quick space when she was killed.

Al Jazeera has accused Israel of “blatant homicide” and has referred to as for an impartial investigation into her demise.

The UN specialists famous that Abu Akleh’s killing got here amid rising violence within the occupied West Financial institution and Gaza in recent times.

Final 12 months, in keeping with the assertion, marked the best variety of Palestinian deaths ensuing from confrontations with Israelis since 2014. It additionally got here amid a excessive price of assaults in opposition to Palestinian journalists.